Lukomir-The Last True Bosnian Mountain Village
Lukomir is a Bosnian village which is located at 1494 meters above sea level,on the Bjelašnica mountain,making it the highest populated area of Bosnia and Herzegovina and the only settlement permanently settled over the year that is located above 1300 meters above sea level. Stećci (medieval tombstones) originating from the 14th and 15th century exist at the village and suggest that it was inhabited for hundreds of years. Although „stecak“ – old tombstone, can be found in the neighboring countries,Bosnia and Herzegovina have it at most - even 66,000! The homes in the area are made of stone while their roofs are composed of wooden(cherry-wood)tiles. The Rakitnica canyon is located nearby and is said to be the origin of a dragon by local folklore.
Lukomir is the highest altitude and most remote village in Bosnia and Herzegovina.
Access to the village is impossible from the first snows in December until late April and sometimes even later, except by skis or on foot.
Lukomir is known for its traditional attire, and the women still wear the hand-knitted costumes that have been worn for centuries. A version of history of present-day Lukomir can trace much of their ancestry to the Podvelezje region of Herzegovina. These semi-nomadic tribes would come to Bjelasnica in the summer months because of the abundance of water. Podvelezje, a dry plateau above Mostar, could not provide the herds with enough water to sustain themselves over the summer months. For reasons not entirely known, many of the villagers from the Podvelezje region eventually made permanent settlements in the canyon and later in the place where it is now located.
There are 50 houses in the village and only about 20 are inhabited. The village has its own graveyard and smaller group of ancient stecci - medieval tombstones (from Medieval Bosnia),as previously said.
This isolation has led to the preservation of the village’s ancient tradition that is reflected in traditional costumes, cooking, and animal husbandry and agriculture.